Purnon Skin Simple Eczema skin care is Fragrance-free to avoid allergic reactions.
Experts agree that with eczema one of the key factors is keeping your skin hydrated and moisturised to help reduce redness and itching.
Using a moisturiser to prevent the skin from cracking or itching and to offer relief. Well-moisturised skin also helps block out germs that cause infections.
All of our products in the range can be used on skin eczema conditions.
NOTE: We are not saying to not use steroid creams or hydrocortisone as prescribed by your doctor, all we are saying that you may find that these products may help in easing and controlling your symptoms.
Eczema isn't infectious, so you can't catch it.
Although the exact cause of eczema is unknown, it appears to be linked to the following Internal and external factors:
- A family history of eczema, asthma or hay fever (the strongest predictor) - if both parents have eczema, there is an 80 per cent chance that their children will too.
- Particular food and alcohol (dairy and wheat products, citrus fruits, eggs, nuts, seafood, chemical food additives, preservatives and colourings).
- Irritants - tobacco smoke, chemicals, weather (hot and humid or cold and dry conditions) and air conditioning or overheating
- Allergens - house dust mites, moulds, grasses, plant pollens, foods, pets and clothing,commercial soaps, shampoos and washing powders, cosmetics and toiletries.
What is Eczema?
- Eczema is a form of dermatitis, characterized by the inflammation of the upper layers of the skin. Other symptoms include dryness of the skin, recurring rashes, and redness, flaking and blistering. At times, fluid may ooze out of the affected part. Sometimes, the affected part may also bleed.
Atopic Dermatitis (AD).
- Atopic dermatitis is the most severe and chronic (long-lasting) kind of eczema. Atopic dermatitis is a disease that causes itchy, inflamed skin. It almost always begins in childhood, usually during infancy.
- Physicians estimate that 65 percent of eczema patients are diagnosed in the first year of life and 90 percent of patients experience it before age five.
- Often the symptoms fade during childhood, though “most” will have AD for life. It is estimated that atopic dermatitis affects over 30 million Americans. It typically affects the insides of the elbows, backs of the knees, and the face but can cover most of the body.
- Atopic dermatitis falls into a category of diseases called atopy, a term originally used to describe the allergic conditions asthma and hay fever.
- Atopic dermatitis was included in the atopy category because it often affects people who either suffer from asthma and/or hay fever or have family members who do; but now have been genetically connected. Physicians often refer to these three diseases as the “atopy triad”. The disease by its very nature can be episodic. People with atopic dermatitis tend to have high staph levels on their skin, although atopic dermatitis is not infectious to other people.
Contact Dermatitis (Allergic or Irritant).
- Contact dermatitis is a reaction that can occur when the skin comes in contact with certain substances, which can cause skin inflammation. Irritants are substances that cause burning, itching or redness.
- Contact dermatitis is most often seen around the hands or parts of the body that touched the irritant/allergen.
Dyshidrotic Dermatitis (Pompholyx).
- This is a blistering type of eczema, which is twice as common in women. It is limited to the fingers, palms and soles of the feet. Your hands may have itchy, scaly patches of skin that flake constantly or become red cracked and painful.
Nummular Dermatitis (Discoid).
- Dry skin in the winter months can cause dry non-itchy round patches. It can affect any part of the body particularly the lower leg. One or many patches appear, and may persist for weeks or months. Discoid eczema does not run in families, and unlike atopic dermatitis, it is not associated with asthma. It does not result from food allergy. It is not infectious to other people, although bacteria sometimes secondarily infect it. Discoid eczema is more common in males.
- Red, scaly, itchy rash in various locations on the body.
- The scalp, sides of the nose, eyebrows, eyelids, and the skin behind the ears and middle of the chest are the most common areas affected. Dandruff (as seborrheic, is caused by a fungal infection) appears as scaling on the scalp without redness.
- Seborrhea is oiliness of the skin, especially of the scalp and face, without redness or scaling.
- Seborrheic Dermatitis has both redness and scaling.
- Many things can be done to avoid an eczema outbreak. Most importantly, the skin should be kept moist by using a daily moisturiser.
Other ways to prevent an outbreak include:
- Wearing 100 per cent cotton or soft fabrics - avoiding rough, scratchy fibres and tight clothing.
- Using rubber gloves with cotton liners.
- Having lukewarm baths and showers using a non-soap cleanser or hypoallergenic bath oil.
- Gently patting, not rubbing, the skin dry with a soft towel.
- Applying a moisturiser within three minutes after bathing to "lock in" the moisture.
- When possible, avoiding rapid changes of temperature and activities that raise a sweat.
- Removing carpets and rugs from houses (if possible) and keeping pets outside.
- Ventilating the house as often as possible.
- Avoiding stuffed toys which harbour dust mites.
- Changing bed linen regularly, using specialized dust mite prevention covers.
- Reducing daily stress.
- Learning your eczema triggers and how to avoid them.